bare minimum samba share on Centos 8
Posted on February 17, 2020 • 3 minutes • 440 words • Suggest Changes
This is a quick guide on how I got a simple samba (4.10.x) share to work on Centos 8.1.1911 (Core) and Windows 10 Enterprise (1903). By god this should not be so hard, but it f*cking is.
Install samba :
yum install samba
change the workgroup, netbios name and security, add log file and log level:
[global] workgroup = SERVERWORKGROUP netbios name = server security = user log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log log level = 1
Create user & share
Create a user :
optional, if only used for samba, you can not get them a /home directory and no shell using :
useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin machine
In order to enable the user, they require a password, however this won’t be used (unless if you gave them normal user shell & home dir)
Give them a samba password (used to authenticate) :
smbpasswd -a machine
Should give :
[root@server ~]# smbpasswd -a machine New SMB password: Retype new SMB password: tdbsam_open: Converting version 0.0 database to version 4.0. tdbsam_convert_backup: updated /var/lib/samba/private/passdb.tdb file. Added user machine.
Enable the user :
smbpasswd -e machine
Now once we done that, its time to create the share folder :
Create the share path :
Give the new user permissions :
chown machine.machine /server/upload/machine
then add the share in the configuration; (smb.conf)
[nextseq] path = /server/upload/machine read only = no
now for the full smb.conf : test it !
[root@server upload]# testparm Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf Loaded services file OK. Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions # Global parameters [global] log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log security = USER workgroup = MACHINEWORKGROUP idmap config * : backend = tdb [machine] path = /server/upload/machine read only = No
Whether you use iptables or firewalld; you need to open some ports for samba :
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=samba firewall-cmd --reload
Then we should be able to start the service and connect windows to it :
service smb start
note : I did not start nmb or winbind;
A happy ending for samba after all;
$ yum info samba Last metadata expiration check: 0:26:43 ago on Mon 17 Feb 2020 03:52:39 PM CET. Installed Packages Name : samba Version : 4.10.4 Release : 101.el8_1 Architecture : x86_64 Size : 2.4 M Source : samba-4.10.4-101.el8_1.src.rpm Repository : @System From repo : BaseOS Summary : Server and Client software to interoperate with Windows machines URL : http://www.samba.org/ License : GPLv3+ and LGPLv3+ Description : Samba is the standard Windows interoperability suite of programs for Linux : and Unix.